Largest African Ethnic Groups – 2019

Largest African Ethnic Groups – 2019


Largest African Ethnic Groups – Overall

1. Egyptians are an African ethnic group that consists of over one-hundred million people but are not ranked above.
Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (#) Language Family Countries Region
Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (#) Language Family Countries Region
Berber Arab-Berber Afro-Asiatic, Semitic Maghreb (Mauritania, Morocco, Western Sahara), Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya North Afrika
Hausa 40,000,000 – 45,000,000 Afro-Asiatic, Chadic Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Ghana, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan West Afrika
Yoruba 45,993,000 – 47,000,000 Niger–Congo, Volta–Niger Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone West Afrika
Igbo 32,684,301 – 35,000,000 Niger–Congo, Volta–Niger Nigeria West Afrika
Oromo 37,731,489 – 39,000,000 Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic Ethiopia Horn of Afrika
Mandé Mandé 30,000,000 – 40,000,000 Niger-Congo, Mande Mali, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau West Afrika
Mandinka 18,000,000 – 19,000,000
Hutu 23,000,000 – 25,000,000 Niger–Congo, Bantu Rwanda, Burundi, and DR Congo Central Afrika
Fulani 20,000,000 – 30,000,000 Niger-Congo, Senegambian Nigeria, Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Benin, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Chad, Central African Republic, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo The Sahel and West Afrika
Akan 20,000,000 Niger–Congo, Kwa Ghana, Ivory Coast West Afrika
Somalis Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya Horn of Afrika
Amhara 19,867,817 Afro-Asiatic, Semitic Ethiopia Horn of Afrika
Mandinka 18,000,000 – 19,000,000 Niger-Congo, Mande Mali, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea-Bissau West Afrika
Kongo 17,254,808 Niger–Congo, Bantu DR Congo, Angola, Congo Republic Central Afrika
Shona Niger–Congo, Bantu Zimbabwe and Mozambique East Afrika
Zulu 13,234,900 – 14,159,000 Niger–Congo, Bantu South Africa Southern Afrika
Chewa 12,000,000 Niger–Congo, Bantu Malawi, Zambia Central Afrika
Kanuri Nilo-Saharan Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon Central Afrika
Mongo Niger–Congo, Bantu Congo, Democratic Republic Central Afrika

Largest Afrikan Ethnic Groups by Country

Countries Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (%) Language Family
Countries Ethnic group/ People/ Tribe Population (%) Language Family
Algeria Arab-Berber 99 % Afro-Asiatic, Berber
Angola Ovimbundu (a.k.a. Southern Mbundu) 37% Bantu
Benin Fon 38.4% Niger–Congo, Gbe
Botswana Tswana 79% Bantu
Burkina Faso Mossi 52% Niger-Congo, Gur
Burundi Hutu (a.k.a. Abahutu) 85% Bantu
Cameroon Cameroon Highlanders 31%
Cabo Verde Creole Mulatto 71%
Central African Republic Gbaya 20% – 26% Niger-Congo, Gbaya–Manza–Ngbaka
Chad Sara 25.9% Nilo-Saharan
Comoros Afro-Arab 86% Bantu
Congo, Democratic Republic Mongo 12% Bantu
Congo, Republic Kongo 40.5% – 48% Bantu
Côte d’Ivoire Akan 28.9% – 42.1% Niger-Congo, Kwa
Djibouti Somali 60% Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic
Egypt Egyptian 99.6% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic
Equatorial Guinea Fang 85.7% Bantu
Eritrea Tigrinya 55% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic
Eswatini Swazi 84.3% Bantu
Ethiopia Oromo 34.4% Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic
Gabon Fang 23.2% Bantu
The Gambia Mandinka/ Jahanka 34% Niger-Congo, Mande
Ghana Akan 47.5% Niger-Congo, Kwa
Guinea Fulani 33.9% Niger-Congo, Senegambian
Guinea-Bissau Fulani 28.5% Niger-Congo, Senegambian
Kenya Kikuyu 17.1% Bantu
Lesotho Sotho 99.7% Southern Bantu
Liberia Kpelle 17.1 % – 20.3% Niger-Congo, Mande
Libya Arab-Berber 97% Afro-Asiatic, Berber
Madagascar Merina 26% Austronesian, Barito
Malawi Chewa 34.3% Bantu
Mali Mandinka 52.5% Niger-Congo, Mande
Mauritania Haratin (a.k.a. Black Moors) 40% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic & Berber
Mauritius Indo-Mauritians 59.1%
Morocco Arab-Berber 99% Afro-Asiatic, Berber
Mozambique Makhuwa 24.6% Bantu
Namibia Ovambo 49% Bantu
Niger Hausa 38.8% Afro-Asiatic, Chadic
Nigeria Hausa 30% Afro-Asiatic, Chadic
Rwanda Hutu 84% Bantu
São Tomé & Príncipe Mestiços 33%-68%
Senegal Wolof 44.1% Niger-Congo, Senegambian
Seychelles Seychellois Creole (mainly of East African and Malagasy heritage) 78.3%
Sierra Leone Temne 28.4% – 35% Niger-Congo, Mel
Somalia Somali 79% – 85% Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic
South Africa Zulu 23.7 % Southern Bantu
South Sudan Dinka 35.8% Nilo-Saharan
Sudan Sudanese Arab 70% Afro-Asiatic, Semitic
Tanzania Sukuma 17.7% Bantu
Togo Adja-Ewe 37%-42.4% Niger-Congo, Gbe
Tunisia Arab-berber 98% Afro-Asiatic, Berber
Uganda Baganda 16.5% Great Lakes Bantu
Zambia Bemba 21% Bantu
Zimbabwe Shona 82% Bantu


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